Sejarah Panjang London yang Dikenal Sebagai Embrio Sepakbola Modern Dunia

Carnivores, tahu ga kalau Inggris dikenal sebagai embrio sepakbola modern? Yasss budaya sepakbola di Inggris, tepatnya London sangat kuat. Sepakbola dimainkan hampir di seluruh kota. Sejarah sepakbola di London sendiri berawal di abad ke-19. Di abad itu mulai bermunculan sejumlah kesebelasan amatir di London dan sekitarnya. Bedanya di abad itu, belum ada kompetisi resmi, kesebelasan amatir tersebut hanya rutin mengadakan pertandingan persahabatan.

Harrow School yang berada di wilayah Harrow on the Hill, sebelah tenggara London merupakan pioner sepakbola modern. Sekolah tersebut menetapkan peraturan tentang sepakbola yang harus menggunakan kaki, kecuali kiper. Peraturan lainnya adalah kiper menggunakan sarung tangan dan mahkota untuk membedakan kiper dengan pemain.

Akibat ketidakseragaman peraturan sepakbola di London, beberapa sekolah pun bertemu untuk membahas mengenai peraturan dasar sepakbola. Bertempat di The Freemasons’ Tavern di Great Queen Street, London pada 26 Oktober 1863 mereka menyepakati sebuah peraturan dasar dalam permainan sepakbola dan membentuk lembaga khusus yang bernama The Football Association.

Untuk meramaikan kota London, FA membuat sebuah kompetisi yang diberi nama FA Cup. Pertandingan yang digelar di Kenington Oval pada tahun 1871-1872 mempertemukan dua klub amatir yakni Wanderers melawan Clapham Rovers.

Tahun 1879, berdiri Fulham St Andrews Church Sunday School FC yang kini lebih dikenal dengan nama Fulham. Klub ini menjadi klub profesional yang pertama berdiri di London, diikuti oleh Leyton Orient, Tottenham Hotspur, Queens Park Rangers, Millwall, Barnet, Brentford, Wimbledon, dan Woolwich Arsenal yang kini berubah nama menjadi Arsenal pada pertengahan 1880-an. Sementara itu, Chelsea, Charlton, Crystal Palace, dan Thames Ironworks yang berubah menjadi West Ham United baru bergabung pada 1900-an.

Bergulirnya The Football League pada Maret 1888, membuat banyak tim asal London berdiri. Namun pada musim tersebut tim asal London gagal membawa gelar juara, karena dimenangkan oleh Preston North End asal kota Lancashire. 1904, Woolwich Arsenal menjadi klub London pertama yang sempat duduk di puncak klasemen, meski di akhir musim juara direngkuh oleh The Wednesday, asal kota Sheffield. 1907, Chelsea gagal menjadi juara setelah sempat duduk di puncak dan terpaksa harus diserahkan kepada Newcastle United.

Tahun 1915-1919, Football League vakum akibat Perang Dunia. Banyaknya pemain yang diwajibkan terjun ke dunia militer membuat liga terhenti. Musim 1919-1920, liga dimulai kembali dengan menghasilkan West Bromwich Albion sebagai juara. Sedangkan Chelsea mampu menembus peringkat keempat, menjadikan musim tersebut sebagai yang tersukses bagi mereka sejak mereka bergabung di Football League.

Pada tahun 1930-an, sukses besar ditorehkan Arsenal. Mereka sukses menjadi juara sebanyak lima kali dalam sepuluh musim. Pada awal musim 1939/1940, London menempatkan lima wakil di antara 22 kesebelasan Football League. Mereka adalah Arsenal, Chelsea, West Ham, Charlton Athletic, dan Brentford. Namun pada pertengahan musim tersebut, liga terpaksa ditunda lagi akibat Perang Dunia II. Liga dilanjutkan pada musim 1946/1947, namun Brentford terpaksa turun ke divisi dua.

Nah, kurang lebih begitu Carnivores cerita tentang sejarah sepak bola modern London.  Jadi makin pengen nonton bola langsung di London dong. Makanya jangan lupa ikutan One Steak Closer ya, supaya bisa dapet kesempatan nonton pertandingan bola langsung di London.

Yuk buruan datang ke TKP Steak Hotel by HOLYCOW! terdekat di kotamu. Ikuti dan nikmati berbagai keseruan #onesteakcloser bersama #travelbuddy impian Carnivores, ICT Travel. Oh iya mereka juga punya banyak info traveling dan promo menarik lho. Info selengkapnya bisa Carnivores cek di instagram @ict_travel atau website www.indo-ict.com atau bisa juga langsung hubungi 021-5794-1418/ 021-5794-1812.

Artikel ini dilansir dari sumber: https://www.panditfootball.com/cerita/189934/RDK/151130/london-dan-sejarah-sepakbola-di-dalamnya

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